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[23/06/2013] Smoking and risk of age-related macular degeneration (AMD)

 How does smoking affect your sight?

Smoking increases free radicals, which accelerate ageing, and causes harm to the tissues of the eye. Smoking alters the body's ability to absorb or extract necessary vitamins and minerals from food.


Research has confirmed the harmful effects of smoking on eyesight, particularly in the development of age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and cataracts.  Smoking doubles your chances of sight loss and you tend to develop it earlier than non-smokers

Did you know that people who smoke are twice as likely to develop age-related macular degeneration (AMD). International research shows that the risk to your sight is increased by anything from two to four times.

People who have a family history of AMD and smoke are up to 144 times more likely to develop the disease.

Smoking is the only proven cause of AMD that people can do anything about but most people are not aware of the link and have not heard of the condition

Smoking is also associated with other eye diseases including nuclear cataract. If you have diabetes, smoking increases your risk of vision loss. Smoking is also a preventable risk factor for the development of cataracts. Smoking can make diabetes related sight problems worse.

What happens if I stop smoking?

Treatment options for AMD are limited. The good news is that if you stop smoking the risk of losing your sight decreases over time. Research has shown that people who stopped smoking 20 years ago only have a similar risk of developing AMD as non-smokers.

What if I smoke and already have AMD?

Ophthalmologists recommend that if you have AMD you should stop smoking.

Other articles from this category:

[25/03/2011] General Facts About Saffron

[15/04/2011] Eye Health Recommendations

[09/12/2011] Age-related macular degeneration (AMD)

[09/12/2011] Healthy lifestyle is associated with lower risk of developing age-related macular degeneration

[09/12/2011] Lutein and Zeaxanthin for age-related macular degeneration (AMD)

[09/12/2011] Saffron for Age-related Macular Degeneration- Eye care & Eye Health

[15/02/2012] Mechanism of action of resveratrol, NIH study.

[16/08/2012] New clinical study confirms the eye health benefits of saffron in age-related macular degeneration (AMD)

[05/10/2012] Saffron 2020 for eye health and for age-related eye conditions

[23/06/2013] Steps we can take to safeguard our sight

[23/06/2013] Saffron administration prevents selenite-induced cataractogenesis.

[23/06/2013] Eye health and food supplements

[23/06/2013] Eye exam and prevention of vision loss

[17/10/2013] Clinical management of early AMD patients with saffron supplementation is easier now, as the effects are independent of CFH and ARMS2 genetic variations.

[18/10/2013] Scientific information behind the development of Saffron 2020

[23/04/2014] Resveratrol for ocular diseases

[31/08/2014] Age-related macular degeneration occurs much earlier than previously assumed

[31/08/2014] Macular Society members are not eating enough lutein according to a new study.


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